TYPICAL RESEARCH ARTICLE STRUCTURE
Title must be short and informative. An effective title should: Convey the main topics of the study – Highlight the importance of the research - Be concise & Attract readers.
An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 300 words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence, that includes : the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated, the basic design/methodology of the study, major findings or trends found as a result of study and the principal conclusion (1.Problem statement 2. Indication of methodology 3. Main Findings 4. Principal Conclusion).
Keywords are important words / concepts found in your research question or report. Keywords are a tool to help indexers and search engines find relevant papers. This will increase the number of people reading your manuscript and likely lead to more citations. It will represent the content of your manuscript and it should be specific to your field or sub-field.
The Introduction should provide readers with the background information needed to understand your study and the reasons why you conducted your experiments. The Introduction should answer the question: what question/problem was studied? The final thing to include at the end of your Introduction is a clear and exact statement of your study aims.
The main focus of an academic research paper is to develop a new argument and a research paper is likely to contain a literature review as one of its parts. The focus of a literature review is to summarize and synthesize the arguments and ideas of others without adding new contributions.
Objective of the study
Once you have provided background material and stated the problem or question for your study, tell the reader the purpose of your study. Usually the reason is to fill a gap in the knowledge or to answer a previously unanswered question.
This section provides the reader with all the details of how you conducted your study. 1. Process of data collection 2. Techniques of data analysis 3. State all statistical tests and parameters.
In the Results section, simply state what you found, but do not interpret the results or discuss their implications. Results should be presented in a logical order. In general this will be in order of importance.
1. Introduction (review findings, discuss outcomes, stake a claim)
2. Evaluation (analyze, offer explanations, reference the literature, state implications)
3. Conclusion (limitations, recommendations).
Write with absolute clarity the practical use and application of your information shared or topic discussed in the practical scenario, who it will help and how it will help, what should be expected in near or far future from it. Conclude your article with the information that you’ve covered in all the paragraphs, one liner conclusion for each of the point and discuss where you see it going and finish off with the last line artistically formed, eliciting emotions, thoughts or ideas, giving a beautiful feeling or hope or inspiration.
Figures (display items) are often the quickest way to communicate large amounts of complex information that would be complicated to explain in text. Ensure your display items can stand alone from the text and communicate clearly your most significant results.
Tables are a concise and effective way to present large amount of data. You should design them carefully so that you clearly communicate your results to busy researchers.
This usually follows the Discussion and Conclusion sections. As references have an important role in many parts of a manuscript, failure to sufficiently cite other work can reduce your chances of being published. Every statement of fact or description of previous findings requires a supporting reference.